Nigeria’s Terms of Trade Declines by 2.8% in Q4 2018- NBS
The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), yesterday in its Commodity Price Indices and ToT Q4’18 report disclosed that the nations’ Terms of Trade (ToT) declined by 2.8 per cent in the fourth quarter of 2018.
ToT is the ratio of export prices to import prices. It can be interpreted as the amount of import goods an economy can purchase per unit of export goods. The decline recorded in Q4’18 means a drop in the value of Nigeria’s export compared to the imports.
According to the Bureau, the groups that contributed to the development were products of the chemical and allied industries, mineral products and live animals; animal products.
The report stated, “The all products terms of trade index stood at 98.0 percent in October, 99.6 per cent in November and 95.1 per cent in December. This indicated an increase of 1.64 per cent in November and a decrease of 4.48 per cent in December.
“On average, the terms of trade declined by 2.8 per cent during the quarter, further indicating less favourable terms of trade. The product groups that contributed to these changes were products of the chemical and allied industries, mineral products and live animals; animal products.”
The Bureau noted that all commodity group import index, on average, grew by 0.89 per cent during the quarter while all commodity group export index decreased by 2.02 per cent.
It stated: “The All commodity group import index, on average, grew by 0.89 per cent during the quarter, following a 0.47 per cent drop in November and a 1.36 per cent rise in December.
Meanwhile, the prices of eggs, rice, tomatoes and yam dropped in February 2019, according to the NBS’ “Selected Food Price Watch” report for February 2019.
The data indicated that the average price of one dozen of Agric eggs medium size decreased year-on-year (YoY) by 10.56 per cent and month-on month (MoM) by 1.19 per cent to N464.27 in February 2019 from N469.85 in January 2019, while the average price of a piece of Agric eggs medium size increased YoY by 2.33 per cent and month-on-month by 0.12 per cent to N42.23 in February 2019 from N42.18 in January 2019
The report further stated: “The average price of 1kg of tomato decreased YoY by -3.97% and month-on-month by -3.38 per cent to N256.50 in February 2019 from N265.49 in December 2018.
“The average price of 1kg of rice (imported high quality sold loose) decreased year-on-year by 0.23 per cent and decreased month-on-month by -0.45 per cent to N364.38 in February 2019 from N366.04 in January 2019.
“Similarly, the average price of 1kg of yam tuber decreased year-on-year by -10.56% and month-on month by -2.24 per cent to N206.48 in February 2019 from N211.21 in January 2019.”